Passive Voice - Definition | Examples , Structure , Tenses

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15-10-2018

Passive Voice


Passive Voice Definition | In Grammar

  • We use passive voice when object is more important than subject
  • So Why Object is more important than subject?

  • When we do not know who or what does something Ex: My car was stolen
  • When we are not interested who or what Ex: The factory was painted
  • When subject is known Ex: My eyes were tested
  • When we do not Want to show the Subject Ex: The mistake was made

  • So These are the Resons Why Object Becomes more important than Subject


Passive Voice - Definition | Examples , Structure , Tenses

Learn Passive Voice - Definition, Examples , Structure , Tenses In English Grammar with Passive Voice Exercises - Definition | Examples , Structure , Tenses

Kinds of - Passive Voice

1 ) Stative Passive
Definition : When verb 3rd form is used as an Adjective
Example : He was confused - This is the third of verb and here using as an Adjective
3 ) Agent Passive
Definition : When Performer is mentioned
Example : Football was played by them - (Performer)

Passive Voice Rules:

Change To
I by me
We by us
You By You
She By her
He By him
They By them
It By it
Passive Voice Rules
Where / How To Apply?

| Rules |

  • As you know in passive voice subject becomes object
  • So how does subject become object?
  • if you see the above table at the left side we have all normal subjects
  • And at the right side we have the passive's object
  • Means if I will be the subject then we will change I into me
  • For Example: I play football Subject will come at the place of objFootball is played by me

Passive Voice - Structure / Formula

Subject + Verb (Helping Verb) + Object ← [ As you know this is the Normal Structure ]
Passive Voice Structure
Now you will ask why does an Object Comes First In Passive Voice? well as you know in passive voice Object is more important
Passive Voice Structure of object

Now we have come to know why do we use passive Voice and we also have understood the Kinds , Rules, Basic Structure now its time to learn How to use Passive Voice in below Tenses

Passive Voice - Tenses

1. Present indefinite Tense Passive Voice
3. Future indefinite Tense Passive Voice
5. Past Continuous Tense Passive Voice
7. Past Perfect Passive Voice

Present | Passive Voice


  • Before you go to towards Present Passive First you must have the basic understanding of Present Indefinite
  • If you know what Present indefinite is then you can continure learning Present Passive
  • If not then i suggest you to go Present Indefinite Tense First
  • Now I assume you know Present indefinite
  • If you know what is Present Indefinite then you also must know present indefinite tense has this Structure Sub + v1 + obj
  • But Because In Passive Voice The Subject comes at the last
  • And Object Comes First Therefore the Structure of present Passive is this

Present Passive Voice Structure

Object + is/am/are + 3rdVerb

Present Passive Voice Structure Explanation

Object = Means (This is the Subject of Passive) Like I , We , They
Is = Is a helping verb - We use Is With Singular Ex: He , She , it or any Singular Name
Am = Is also a helping verb - We use Am only with I Ex: Iam going to school
Are = Are is also a helping verb - We use Are With plural Ex: They , We or any plural Name
3rd Verb Any Word Which Shows Action Is Called Verb And we have 4 forms of verb
Like: Eat - 1 From of Verb , Ate - 2 From of Verb , Eaten - 3 From of Verb , Eating - 4 From of Verb
Present Passive Voice Structure

Present Passive Voice Example

I Cooked Food - This Is Normal Present Example
Food Is Cooked by me - - This Is the Present Passive Example
Object + is/am/are + 3rdVerb - Structure
Object = [A letter = Obj ]
Is = (because letter is singular noun ]
Verb 3 From = In this write is the First From we change it into 3 form
Sub = I (but we change this into by me]

Examples / Exercises

Normal Present Passive Voice Present
1 - I write a letter A letter is written by me [A letter = Obj + is (because letter is singular noun ] + Sub = i (but we change this into by me]
2 - He cooks Food Food is cooked by him
3 - They Play football Football is played by them
4 - She makes cake Cake is made by her
5 - He learns English English is learnt by him
6 - They start Generator Generator is started by them
7 - She makes changes Changes are made by her
8 - I repair L.C.D L.C.D is repaired by me
9 - I make Tutorials Tutorials are made by me
10 - They implement rules Rules are implemented by them
11 - We take medicine Medicine is taken by us

Past | Passive Voice



Past Passive Voice Structure / Formula

Object + was/were + 3rdVerb

Past Passive Voice Structure Explanation

Object + Was / Were + 3rdVerb
Object = Means (This is the Subject of Passive) Like I , We , They
Was = Was is a helping verb - We use Was With Singular Ex: He , She , it or any Singular Name
Were = Were is also a helping verb - We use Were With plural Ex: They , We or any plural Name
3rd Verb Any Word Which Shows Action Is Called Verb And we have 4 forms of verb
Like: Eat - 1 From of Verb , Ate - 2 From of Verb , Eaten - 3 From of Verb , Eating - 4 From of Verb

Examples / Exercises

Normal Past Examples Past Passive Voice
1 - I Wrote a letter A letter was written by me
2 - He cooked Food Food was cooked by me
3 - They Played football Football was played by them
4 - She made cake Cake was made by her
5 - He learnt English English was learnt by him
6 - They started Generator Generator was started by them
7 - She made changes Changes were made by her
8 - I repaired L.C.D L.C.D was repaired by me
9 - I made Tutorials Tutorials were made by me
10 - They implemented rules Rules were implemented by them
11 - We took medicine Medicine was taken by us

Future | Passive Voice


Future Passive Voice Structure / Formula

Object + Will be / Shall be + 3rdVerb

Past Passive Voice Structure Explanation

Object + Will be / Shall be + 3rdVerb
Object = Means (This is the Subject of Passive) Like I , We , They
Will be = Will Be is a helping verb - We use Will be With Every Noun Means Coutable And UnCountable Both
Shall be = Were is also a helping verb - We use Shall Be only with I , We
3rd Verb Any Word Which Shows Action Is Called Verb And we have 4 forms of verb
Like: Eat - 1 From of Verb , Ate - 2 From of Verb , Eaten - 3 From of Verb , Eating - 4 From of Verb

Examples / Exercises

1 - I Will write a letter A letter will be written by me
2 - He Will cook Food Food will be cooked
3 - They Will Play football Football will be played by them
4 - She Will make cake Cake will be made by her
5 - He Will learn English English will be learnt
6 - They Will start Generator Generator will be started by them
7 - She Will make changes Changes will be made by her
8 - I Will repair L.C.D L.C.D will be repaired by me
9 - I Will make Tutorials Tutorials will be made by me
10 - They Will implement rules Rules will be implemented by them
11 - We Will take medicine Medicine will be taken by us

Present Continuous | Passive Voice



Present Continuous Passive Voice Structure

Object + is/am/are + being + 3rdVerb

Present Continuous Passive Structure Explanation

Object = Means (This is the Subject of Passive) Like I , We , They
Is = Is a helping verb - We use Is With Singular Ex: He , She , it or any Singular Name
Am = Is also a helping verb - We use Am only with I Ex: Iam going to school
Am = Is also a helping verb - We use Am only with I Ex: Iam going to school
Being = We Use Being to Show it is Continuous Tense of Passive
3rd Verb Any Word Which Shows Action Is Called Verb And we have 4 forms of verb
Like: Eat - 1 From of Verb , Ate - 2 From of Verb , Eaten - 3 From of Verb , Eating - 4 From of Verb

Examples / Exercises

Normal Present Continuous Examples Present Continuous Passive Voice
1 - I am writing a letter A letter is being written by me
2 - He is cooking Food Food is being cooked by me
3 - They are Playing football Football is being played by them
4 - She is making cake Cake is being made by her
5 - He is learning English English is being learnt by him
6 - They are starting Generator Generator is being started by them
7 - She is making changes Changes is being made by her
8 - I am repairing L.C.D L.C.D is being repaired by me
9 - I am making Tutorials Tutorials are being made by me
10 - They are implementing rules Rules are being implemented by them
11 - We take medicine Medicine is being taken by us

Past Continuous | Passive Voice



Past Passive Voice Structure / Formula

Object + was/were + Being + 3rdVerb

Past Passive Voice Structure Explanation

Object + Was / Were + 3rdVerb
Object = Means (This is the Subject of Passive) Like I , We , They
Was = Was is a helping verb - We use Was With Singular Ex: He , She , it or any Singular Name
Were = Were is also a helping verb - We use Were With plural Ex: They , We or any plural Name
Being = We Use Being to Show it is Continuous Tense of Passive
3rd Verb Any Word Which Shows Action Is Called Verb And we have 4 forms of verb
Like: Eat - 1 From of Verb , Ate - 2 From of Verb , Eaten - 3 From of Verb , Eating - 4 From of Verb

Examples / Exercises

Normal Past Continuous Examples Past Continuous Passive Voice Voice
1 - I was writing a letter A letter was being written by me
2 - He was cooking Food Food was being cooked by me
3 - They were Playing football Football was being played by them
4 - She was making cake Cake was being made by her
5 - He was learning English English was being learnt by him
6 - They were starting Generator Generator was being started by them
7 - She is making changes Changes were being made by her
8 - I was repairing L.C.D L.C.D was being repaired by me
9 - I was making Tutorials Tutorials were being made by me
10 - They were implementing rules Rules were being implemented by them
11 - We were taking medicine Medicine was being taken by us

Present Perfect | Passive Voice



Present Perfect Passive Voice Structure / Formula

Object + Have been/Has been + 3rdVerb

Past Passive Voice Structure Explanation

Object + Have been/Has been + 3rdVerb
Object = Means (This is the Subject of Passive) Like I , We , They
Has been = is a helping verb - We use Has been With Singular Ex: He , She , it or any Singular Name
Have been = is also a helping verb - We use Have been With plural Ex: They , We , I or any plural Name
Being = We Use Being to Show it is Continuous Tense of Passive
3rd Verb Any Word Which Shows Action Is Called Verb And we have 4 forms of verb
Like: Eat - 1 From of Verb , Ate - 2 From of Verb , Eaten - 3 From of Verb , Eating - 4 From of Verb

Examples / Exercises

Normal Present Perfect Examples Present Perfect Passive Voice Voice
1 - I have written a letter A letter has been written by me
2 - He has cooked Food Food has been cooked by me
3 - They have Played football Football has been played by them
4 - She has made cake Cake has been made by her
5 - He has learnt English English has been learnt
6 - They have started Generator Generator has been started by them
7 - She has made changes Changes have been made by her
8 - I have repaired L.C.D L.C.D has been repaired by me
9 - I have made Tutorials Tutorials have been made by me
10 - They have implemented rules Rules have been implemented by them
11 - We have taken medicine Medicine has been taken by us

Past Perfect | Passive Voice



Past Perfect Passive Voice Structure / Formula

Object + Had Been + 3rdVerb

Past Passive Voice Structure Explanation

Object + Have been/Has been + 3rdVerb
Object = Means (This is the Subject of Passive) Like I , We , They
Had been = is a helping verb - We use Had been With Any Noun / Pronoun
3rd Verb Any Word Which Shows Action Is Called Verb And we have 4 forms of verb
Like: Eat - 1 From of Verb , Ate - 2 From of Verb , Eaten - 3 From of Verb , Eating - 4 From of Verb

Examples / Exercises

Normal Past Perfect Future Past Perfect Passive Voice
1 - I had written a letter A letter had been written by me
2 - He had cooked Food Food had been cooked
3 - They had Played football Football had been played by them
4 - She had made cake Cake had been made by her
5 - He had learnt English English had been learnt
6 - They had started Generator Generator had been started by them
7 - She had made changes Changes had been made by her
8 - I had repaired L.C.D L.C.D had been repaired by me
9 - I had made Tutorials Tutorials had been made by me
10 - They had implemented rules Rules had been implemented by them
11 - We had taken medicine Medicine had been taken by us

Future Perfect | Passive Voice



Future Perfect Passive Voice Structure / Formula

Object + Will have / Shall Have + 3rdVerb

Future Perfect Passive Voice Structure Explanation

Object + Will have / Shall Have + 3rdVerb
Object = Means (This is the Subject of Passive) Like I , We , They
Will have = Will have is a helping verb - We use Will have With Every Noun Means Coutable And UnCountable Both
Shall have = Shall have is also a helping verb - We use Shall have only with I , We
3rd Verb Any Word Which Shows Action Is Called Verb And we have 4 forms of verb
Like: Eat - 1 From of Verb , Ate - 2 From of Verb , Eaten - 3 From of Verb , Eating - 4 From of Verb

Examples / Exercises

Normal Future Perfect Examples Future Perfect Passive Voice
1 - I Will have written a letter A letter Will have been written by me
2 - He Will have cooked Food Food Will have been cooked
3 - They Will have Played football Football Will have been played by them
4 - She Will have made cake Cake Will have been made by her
5 - He Will have learnt English English Will have been learnt
6 - They Will have started Generator Generator Will have been started by them
7 - She Will have made changes Changes Will have been made by her
8 - I Will have repaired L.C.D L.C.D Will have been repaired by me
9 - I Will have made Tutorials Tutorials Will have been made by me
10 - They Will have implemented rules Rules Will have been implemented by them
11 - We Will have taken medicine Medicine Will have been taken by us